Castor canadensis (Beaver)
Counties where this species is known to occur are highlighted in blue.
Click here to enlarge map.
Habitat: Along creeks, streams, and rivers.

Habits: Beavers make burrows near the waters edge, and use their wide tails for steering in the water, and to slap the water when alerting danger. Dams may be constructed to impound water to form a pond. To swim underwater, the nostrils and ears can be closed, and a nictitating membrane, or third eyelid covers the eye. Beavers feed on aquatic and terrestrial vegetation, including sedges, cattails, rushes, and bark, leaves, and twigs of trees and shrubs. They are long lived, often living up to 10 to 15 years, and are monogamous. Mating takes place in January and February; litters consist of about three young. Young remain with the parents for two years. Beavers were nearly extinct in Oklahoma in the 1900s. Restocking and control of trapping has led to an increase in the number of individuals.


Artiodactyla
 - 
Carnivora
 - 
Chiroptera
 - 
Didelphimorphia
 - 
Insectivora
 - 
Lagomorpha
 - 
Rodentia
 - 
Xenarthra
Scientific Names - Common Names

For more information, view the Mammalian Species account for this species.

Search the OMNH Collections for Castor canadensis.